“Show trial.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/show%20trial.

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The confession of the accused is a medieval principle of jurisprudence", his point being that the trial was solely based on coerced confessions. All of the surviving members of the Lenin-era party leadership except Stalin, Trotsky and Kalinin, were tried. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. [citation needed] The full list of defendants is as follows: The second trial occurred between January 23 and January 30, 1937.[1]:113. [4] Pierre Broué and a number of historians assumed that the opposition was dissolved after the arrest of Smirnov and Ryutin. After the Second World War, the Communist Party was strong in Czechoslovakia, but it still served in the government together with other parties. The preparation for this trial was delayed in its early stages due to the reluctance of some party members to denounce their comrades. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }},

Click on the arrows to change the translation direction. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654156' }}, However, he changed his plea the next day after "special measures," which dislocated his left shoulder among other things. Mihailović was, therefore, fully rehabilitated. }], [7], Chinese writer and dissident Ma Jian argued that Gu Kailai, the wife of purged Communist Chinese leader Bo Xilai, was given a show trial in 2012.

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They had begun to beat Kádár.

Show trials were common during Joseph Stalin's political repressions, such as the Moscow Trials of the Great Purge period (1937–38).

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* The Bukharin trial six months later developed evidence which, if true, more than justified this action.

enableSendAllBids: false, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, {code: 'ad_topslot_b', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[728, 90]] } }, [8], The trial, with 16 defendants,[9] was held from August 19 to August 24, 1936 in the small October Hall of the House of the Unions (chosen instead of the larger Hall of Columns, used for earlier trials).

[1]:xvii Stalin's hasty industrialization during the period of the First Five Year Plan and the brutality of the forced agricultural collectivization had led to an acute economic and political crisis in 1928–1933, a part of the global problem known as the Great Depression, and to enormous suffering on the part of the Soviet workers and peasants. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_l", "en-us"); [1]:57, The main charge was forming a terror organization with the purpose of killing Joseph Stalin and other members of the Soviet government. var pbjs = pbjs || {};
Yagoda, who was deeply involved in the great purge as the head of NKVD, was not included. A letter to prison { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [320, 100] }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_topslot_728x90' }}, the public trial of a political offender conducted chiefly for propagandist purposes.

[26] In the Slánský trial in Czechoslovakia, when the judge skipped one of the scripted questions, the better-rehearsed Slánský answered the one which should have been asked.[26]. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }},

Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way. During their show trials, Human rights activists and opposition figures are routinely given harsh verdicts in predetermined rulings by the kangaroo courts. Their preparation included a media plan, as society had to be informed about the power of the Communist Party (see Rewriting History). His body was cremated and the ashes were scattered on an icy road outside of Prague. She was executed by hanging in Prague's Pankrác Prison on 27 June 1950. EX200 From the communists‘ perspective, it was a normal takeover of power, giving them a mandate to enact policies which gradually departed from democratic traditions. } For example, in Moscow, Pyatakov had testified that he had flown to Oslo in December 1935 to "receive terrorist instructions" from Trotsky. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654208' }}, 'max': 3, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776336', position: 'btf' }},

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[1]:23 He, however, had been in prison since January 1933 and refused to confess. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_HDX' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971063', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, name: "idl_env", Accusations and sentences were prepared in advance by party authorities and served to eliminate opponents and intimidate the public, while also legitimising the communist revolution. 70-417 googletag.pubads().setTargeting('ad_h', Adomik.hour); googletag.pubads().set("page_url", "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/show-trial"); var mapping_houseslot_a = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([963, 0], [300, 250]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971079', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }},

type: "html5", Many people likely succumbed to the media manipulation and believed that their country was under threat from all sides and that the Communist Party and its policies were the one guarantee of order. [3] The term was first recorded in 1928. [8] In relation to their composition, the testimonies looked standard conspiratorial activity, murder of Kirov, preparation to assassination attempts against the leaders of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, seizure of power in the Soviet Union with the aim of "restoration of capitalism. dfpSlots['rightslot'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/rightslot', [[300, 250]], 'ad_rightslot').defineSizeMapping(mapping_rightslot).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'mid').setTargeting('hp', 'right').setTargeting('ad_group', Adomik.randomAdGroup()).addService(googletag.pubads()); 'cap': true Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!
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